New: 2018 National Assembly Election

National Assembly seats won in 2018 general election.

The FideszChristian Democratic People’s Party (KDNP) alliance won its third-consecutive two-thirds majority in the National Assembly of Hungary in the general election held in the county on April 8, 2018.

Fidesz-KDNP won 133, or 66.8 percent, of the 199 seats in the National Assembly. This two-thirds majority will again enable the governing alliance to pass so-called cardinal laws (sarkalatos törvények), including those amending the Fundamental Law of Hungary, without support from National Assembly opposition parties.

Five opposition parties won 64 seats in the National Assembly: the nationalist party Jobbik won 26 seats; the Hungarian Socialist Party-Dialogue for Hungary alliance won 20 seats; the social-liberal party Democratic Coalition won 9 seats; the green-liberal party Politics Can Be Different won 8 seats; and the liberal party Together won 1 seat.

An opposition independent, former Hungarian Central Statics Office director Tamás Mellár, and the National Self-Government of Germans in Hungary won the remaining two seats in the National Assembly.

In comparison to the 2014 National Assembly election, Fidesz-KDNP won the same number of seats in the 2018 National Assembly election, while the Democratic Coalition gained five seats, Jobbik and Politics Can Be Different gained three seats, Together lost two seats and the Hungarian Socialist Party and Dialogue for Hungary, which contested the 2014 election separately, lost ten seats.

Voters cast two ballots in National Assembly elections in Hungary—one for an individual candidate in their electoral district and one for a party at the national level. Of the 199 seats in the National Assembly of Hungary, 106 are derived from elections between individual candidates in an equal number of electoral districts in the country, while 93 are derived from votes for parties at the national level.

Results of 2018 National Assembly election in electoral districts outside Budapest.

In the 2018 National Assembly Election, Fidesz-KDNP candidates defeated their opposition rivals in 91 of 106 electoral districts in Hungary. Fidesz-KDNP candidates won in 85 of 88 electoral districts located outside of Budapest, though won in only 6 of 18 electoral districts in Budapest.

Opposition candidates defeated their Fidesz-KDNP rivals in 14 electoral districts: Hungarian Socialist Party-Dialogue for Hungary candidates in 7 Budapest districts and 1 Szeged district; Democratic Coalition candidates in 3 Budapest districts; Politics Can Be Different and Together candidates in 1 Budapest district each; a Jobbik candidate in the single Dunaújváros district; and independent candidate Tamás Mellár in a Pécs district.

Fidesz-KDNP won 49.6 percent of votes cast for parties in the 2018 National Assembly election, while the seven main opposition parties won 49.2 percent of votes and minor parties, most of them so-called sham parties (kamupárt in Hungarian) that participated in the election exclusively in order to obtain government campaign-funding, received 0.2 percent of the votes.

Of the seven main opposition parties, Jobbik received 19.2 percent of all party votes cast, while the Hungarian Socialist Party-Dialogue for Hungary alliance received 12 percent, Politics Can Be Different received 7.1 percent, the Democratic Coalition received 5.4 percent, the Momentum Movement 3.1 percent, the Hungarian Two-Tailed Dog Party 1.7 percent and Together 0.7 percent.

Results of 2018 National Assembly election in electoral districts in Budapest

Fidesz-KDNP won 42 of the 93 National Assembly seats distributed proportionally to parties via the party lists based on the number of votes cast for the parties at the national level plus the number of so-called fragmentary votes (töredékszavazat) cast for candidates affiliated with the parties in the individual electoral districts—that is, those votes cast for losing candidates in the electoral districts as well as those cast for winning candidates beyond the one vote needed for victory over the second-place candidate.

Opposition parties won 50, or 53.8 percent, of the 93 National Assembly seats distributed to parties based on the number of votes cast for parties plus the number of fragmentary votes. Jobbik won 25 of these 50 seats, while the Hungarian Socialist Party-Dialogue for Hungary alliance won 12, Politics Can Be Different won 7 and the Democratic Coalition won 6.

the National Self-Government of Germans in Hungary won the remaining seat in the National Assembly distributed via party votes.

The opposition parties Momentum Movement, the Hungarian Two-Tailed Dog Party and Together failed to receive the minimum of five percent of all votes cast for parties in order to gain seats in the National Assembly via party and fragmentary votes.

Fidesz-KDNP won 96.2 percent of the 224,564 votes that Hungarian citizens who do not have a permanent address in Hungary cast via mail in the 2018 National Assembly election. Around 60 percent of such Hungarian citizens who registered to vote via mail were from the two countries surrounding Hungary that permit dual citizenship—Romania and Serbia (source in Hungarian).

A total of 70.2 percent of all eligible voters in Hungary participated in the 2018 National Assembly election, up from 61.2 percent from the 2014 National Assembly election.

Source of data (in Hungarian): website of the National Election Office.

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Pre-Election Sampler from the Freesheets

Below are scanned images from the final two issues of the free daily newspaper Lokál and the final issue of the free weekly newspaper Lokál Extra published before the April 8 National Assembly election in Hungary.

The 12-page Lokál has a daily circulation of 150,000 copies and is distributed at public-transportation, railway and inter-city bus stations in Budapest. The 24-page Lokál Extra has a circulation of 1,160,000 copies and is delivered to homes and residential buildings in Budapest and 24 other cities in Hungary (source in Hungarian).

The newspapers operate under the ownership of Prime Minister Viktor Orbán’s chief strategic adviser Árpád Habony and former legal adviser Tibor Győri.

The free newspapers derive a significant proportion of their revenue from publicly financed advertisements for the Orbán government or state-owned companies such as the Hungarian Electrical Works, Hungarian State Railways and lottery company Szerencsejáték.  

Both free newspapers overtly support the Orbán government and the FideszChristian Democratic People’s Party (KDNP) governing coalition.

Most of the articles published in Lokál and Lokál Extra just before the April 8 National Assembly election promoted the campaign strategy and platform of the Orbán government and the Fidesz-KDNP alliance, portraying Muslim migration as a grave security, cultural and religious threat to Hungary and depicting Prime Minister Orbán and the parties under his command as the political forces that are willing and able to defend the country from this menace and the opposition parties and their leaders as the pawns of Hungarian-American investor and philanthropist George/György Soros and the local proponents of his alleged pro-migration policies known collectively as the Soros Plan.

Appearing underneath the scanned images of pages from Lokál and Lokál Extra are translations of the main titles and some of the secondary titles from the given page as well as excerpts from the text of some of the attending articles.

Note that Gábor Vona, who is the subject of many of the articles appearing below, is the president of the opposition party Jobbik.

Click on images to enlarge.

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Lokál, April 6, page 1

 Viktor Orbán: “There is going to be a big battle this weekend. Nobody should stay at home.” 

This Sunday Two Times Fidesz

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Lokál, April 5 and April 6, page 2

 Orbán government campaign advertisement showing a stop sign superimposed on a dense column of migrants marching through the countryside somewhere along the Balkan migration route in 2015.

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Lokál, April 5, page 3

Soros’s Candidates SAID NO to the Fence

“They are lying. This summarizes the electoral machinations of the opposition. These political officials are eating from György Soros’s plate and can hardly wait to win on Sunday so they can open the way for migrants to come pouring into Hungary.”

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Lokál, April 6, page 7

 A Migrant Murdered a Women Who Wanted to Help Him

“A Somalian migrant stabbed to death a 22-year-old woman who was helping refugees at the reception camp in Mölndal in southern Sweden.”

Facts About Migration

“There are 186 no-go zones in Sweden, of which 55 are particularly dangerous. Migrants rape one in eight Swedish women. The number of sex crimes has risen 26 percent in Austria and 670 percent in Leipzig because of migrants. People of ‘foreign background’ commit one out of two crimes in Australia. Migrants commit 93 out of every 100 crimes in Germany. The number of crimes has risen 10.4 percent as a result of this. Migrants attacked 1,035 physicians in France last year alone. A total of 70 million people could leave Nigeria for Europe over the next five years.”

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Lokál, April 5, page 6

 A Migrant Murdered Two Women and Lived with Their Corpses for Months

Africans Committed Rape in Prague

An Immigrant Committed a Stabbing While Shouting Allahu Akbar

Orbán: the Fence Protects Budapest as Well

See entire post.

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