Local Government

Municipal council in the town of H

Municipal-council meeting in the town of Hévíz.

Local government in Hungary is composed of municipal councils and mayors for all villages, towns and cities in the country, including the 23 districts of Budapest, as well as general assemblies for all of its 19 counties (megye) and the city of Budapest. Local-government elections are held every four years during the autumn following regular spring National Assembly elections.

Local-government elections were most recently held in Hungary on October 12, 2014. Candidates from the FideszChristian Democratic People’s Party (KDNP) alliance that has commanded an overwhelming majority in Hungary’s National Assembly over the past two parliamentary cycles dominated 2014 local elections in towns and cities, including Budapest, as well as at the county level, while—as customary—nominally independent candidates dominated these elections in small towns and villages.

According to the results of 2014 local elections (see source in Hungarian):

Mayors

DownloadedFile

Budapest Mayor István Tarlós.

Members of the Fidesz-KDNP alliance serve as mayor in 17 of the 19 cities in Hungary with over 50,000 inhabitants, including Budapest, where István Tarlós has been head of the municipal government since 2010. Non-Fidesz-KDNP mayors therefore lead only two cities with over 50,000 inhabitants: László Botka of the Hungarian Socialist Party in Szeged (southern Hungary, pop. 162,000); and Jobbik-supported independent Péter Szarvas in Békéscsaba (southeastern Hungary, pop. 60,500).

Members of the Fidesz-KDNP alliance serve as mayor in 17 of the 23 districts of Budapest, while members of the democratic opposition (Hungarian Socialist Party, Democratic Coalition, Together 2014-Dialogue for Hungary) serve as mayor of the remaining six districts in the city.

Independents serve as mayor in 2,447—or just over 77 percent—of all the 3,177 cities, towns and villages in Hungary, while members of the Fidesz-KDNP alliance serve as mayor in 614 municipalities and members of other parties and party alliances serve as mayor in the remaining 116 municipalities.

Marking party victories at the Jobbik municipal-election headquarters on October 12.

Marking party victories at Jobbik municipal-election headquarters on October 12, 2014.

Mayors affiliated with the radical-nationalist Jobbik party lead 24 municipalities in Hungary (see 24 Bastions, The First Little Pinprick and The Second Little Pinprick).

Amendments to conflict-of-interest laws adopted during the 2010–2014 parliamentary cycle prohibit  members of the government or National Assembly from simultaneously serving as mayors. As a result of these amendments, Prime Ministry chief János Lázár resigned from his office as mayor of Hódmezővásárhely (southern Hungary, pop. 45,000) in 2012, while Fidesz National Assembly caucus Chairman Antal Rogán and Executive Vice-President Lajos Kósa resigned from their positions as the mayors of Budapest Fifth District and the city of Debrecen (eastern Hungary, pop. 204,000), respectively, in 2014 (source in Hungarian).

Municipal Councils 

Kozponti Varoshaza_2004 november 27_ 201_kicsi800

Budapest City Hall.

Members of the Fidesz-KDNP alliance hold a total of 1,152 seats on municipal councils in towns and cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants, while members of Jobbik hold 215 seats and those of various other parties and party alliances hold 911 seats.

Members of the Fidesz-KDNP alliance hold 20 of the 33 seats on the Budapest municipal council, while the Hungarian Socialist Party holds six seats either independently or in alliance with other democratic-opposition parties and other parties hold the remaining seven seats.

Independents hold 12,801 seats—or 87.9 percent of all seats—on municipal councils in towns and villages with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, while members of the Fidesz-KDNP alliance hold 1,263 seats, members of Jobbik hold 157 seats and members of other parties and party alliances hold 340 seats.

County General Assemblies 

Sz

Members of the Szobolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County General Assembly.

The Fidesz-KDNP alliance holds a majority of members in all 19 county general-assemblies. Jobbik commands the second highest number of members in 15 county general-assemblies, while the Hungarian Socialist Party commands the second highest number of members in one county general-assembly. Jobbik and the Hungarian Socialist Party are tied for second in terms of the number of members in the remaining three county general-assemblies.

Last updated: May 28, 2016. 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s